The development of the use of the weed

124 views · Organized by 关谷奇迹 on 2022-02-28
During the Western Zhou Dynasty, the bells and chimes of Rongsheng were probably multi-sequence sound instrumental music created by the sages of the Qin people (also known as the Quan Rong). It has a rich tone of quaint, deep, varied, mysterious, and can produce a very wonderful modern polyphonic tone. Weaving Mushrooms, Daxia, Xiangzi, and pronunciation also form a sequence, so it should be a set, but it can be divided into several groups according to the decoration, tone and music suspension system. The body of the braided mushroom has a tendency to be round, the milling edge is not very prominent, the pieces are short, and the mouth of the mushroom is flush. , it is easy to cause different audio frequencies to interfere with each other and appear "reverberation", so it is not suitable for playing fast melody. Chinese bell-like musical instruments (including weaving nao, duo, etc.) have adopted a unique shape with a bell body in the shape of a tile since the Yin and Shang dynasties. Research in recent years has shown that this is the result of a design based on the need for two tones in one bell.
However, the early chimes were not used to play complete tunes, but were mainly used to play the backbone tones in the melody to strengthen the rhythm and enhance the atmosphere. , "Gold and stone to move, silk and bamboo to act" situation. The main instrument for playing the melody should be the qin, ser, sheng, and wind instruments. Therefore, archaeological discoveries of bell-like musical instruments from the Yin and Shang to the Western Zhou Dynasty were mostly in groups of three.

The development of the use of the weed

In the middle and late Western Zhou Dynasty, the use of chimes to play melody was valued. In order to meet this need, the range of chime bells must first be expanded and the sound sequence of chime bells should be improved. Therefore, "Zhuzhong" (a set of eight) appeared, Wenxi Shangguo Village. The scale of the M210 chimes (a set of nine).
In the Spring and Autumn Period and later, the melody performance of chimes was further emphasized. In addition, the Zhou Dynasty declined, the rituals collapsed and the music broke down. The princes of various countries ignored the authority of the Zhou Dynasty and tried their best to pursue a large-scale set of choreography. At this time, there appeared a set of 19 pieces of woven mushrooms like Jinsheng Village, and a set of 13 pieces of chimes unearthed in Xinyang, Henan Province. For enhancing the melodic performance of the chimes, scaling up only addresses the superficial needs in terms of range and scale, which are primary. With the emergence of large-scale chimes, especially the practice of playing melody with chimes, the defects of "reverberation" of chimes have become more and more obvious, and the contradictions have become more and more prominent. An excellent example of a better solution to this contradiction is the chime of Marquis Zeng at Tomb No. 1, Leigudun, Suixian County, Hubei Province. However, Jinshengcun's Mushroom is still in the stage of pursuing a broad range and perfect scales, which are suitable for playing the surface of the melody. side evidence. At that time, the prominent Zhao family in the Jin state focused on the use of the weaving mushroom as a symbol of power and status, not as a musical instrument to play. In other words, at that time, the function of the ritual instrument was more than that of the musical instrument.
Reference materials and contributors

Involving musical instruments

The bo (pinyin: bó) is a musical instrument with a shape close to that of a bell. The body of the mushroom is larger than that of the bell, and the cross-section of the body is oval . In the early days, there were many bird-shaped, tiger-shaped, or Kui-shaped "wings" on both sides of the mushroom, and the decoration was gorgeous and complicated. It is a large single percussion instrument of the ancient Han nationality.

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