Guzheng (pinyin: Gǔ Zhēng), also known as Hanzheng and Qinzheng, is an ancient national musical instrument of the Han nationality and is popular all over China. It is often used for solo, duet, instrumental ensemble and accompaniment of song and dance, opera and folk art. Because of its wide range, beautiful timbre, rich playing skills and strong expressiveness, it is known as the "King of Music", also known as "Oriental Piano", and is one of the unique and important national musical instruments in China.
Guqin (pinyin: Gǔ Qín) is a traditional Chinese musical instrument with a history of at least 3,500 years. Guqin is also known as Yaoqin, Yuqin and Seven-stringed Qin. The guqin has 13 emblems that mark the rhythm, and is also a ritual and musical instrument. It belongs to the silk in the octave. Guqin has a wide range, deep timbre and long aftertone.
Huobusi (pinyin: huǒ bù sī) is a Mongolian plucked musical instrument. It was found in the Yuan Dynasty and was popular in the Ming Dynasty. It was included in the national music in the Qing Dynasty. It is spread in Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, northern Gansu and Lijiang Naxi Autonomous County in Yunnan Province.
Dizi (pinyin: dí zi), also known as the horizontal flute, is generally used as an important musical instrument to accompany opera.
Liuqin (pinyin: Liǔ Qín) is a plucked stringed instrument originated in the Qing Dynasty. The earliest Liuqin has a very simple structure and a very folk-like appearance. Now popular all over the country. It is one of the pear-shaped speakers and stringed instruments that have been circulating among the people since the Tang Dynasty. Its shape, structure and playing method are similar to those of the pipa.
Matouqin (pinyin: mǎ tóu qín) is a two-stringed stringed musical instrument with a trapezoidal body and a handle carved into the shape of a horse's head. A sort of.
Pipa (pinyin: pí pa), the first plucked instrument, is a traditional plucked instrument in East Asia, a plucked stringed musical instrument. Made of wood or bamboo, the speaker is half-pear-shaped and has four strings on the top. It was originally made of silk thread, but now it is mostly made of steel wire, steel rope and nylon.
Erhu (Pinyin: Erhu) originated in the Tang Dynasty, called "Xiqin", and has a history of more than a thousand years. It is a traditional Chinese stringed instrument. Erhu, or Erxian Huqin, also known as "Nanhu" and "Omzi", is one of the main bowed and stringed instruments (wiping strings) in the Chinese national musical instrument family.
Suona (pinyin: suǒ nà) is a Chinese double-reed woodwind instrument. Also called Suannai, trumpet, advocacy. The traditional suona is composed of five parts: whistle, air card, intruder, rod and bowl.
Wooden fish (pinyin: Mùyú) is a kind of wooden percussion instrument. The common fish-shaped wooden fish is shaped like a round sphere close to a fist, and the middle part is hollow, which is used for sound resonance and amplification. There is a sound hole on one side of the sphere, which has the same function as the F-shaped hole of a violin. It allows the amplified sound to spread. on the shelf. The method of playing is to use a drum stick or a small wooden hammer to hit the resonance area on the outside of the instrument to make a sound. The size of the wooden fish can be of different sizes, the larger the volume, the lower the pitch.
Hulusi (pinyin: hú lu sī), also known as "calabash flute", is a musical instrument of ethnic minorities in Yunnan. Hulusi originated in Lianghe County, Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture, and is mainly popular in Dai, Achang, Wa, De'ang and Brown. The Dehong and Lincang areas in Yunnan where ethnic groups live together are rich in local colors.
Leiqin(Pinyin: Léi qín), also known as "Leihu", is a traditional stringed instrument. It is a musical instrument that only appeared in the 1920s.
Yangqin (Pinyin: YangQin) was introduced from Persia at the end of the Ming Dynasty. It was originally used as an accompaniment for folk art and formed a variety of genres. After nearly 400 years of circulation and evolution in my country, dulcimer has traditional Chinese characteristics and national styles in musical instrument production, performance art or music creation, and combined with local folk music, it has formed a number of outstanding A genre with local and musical characteristics.
Banhu (pinyin: bǎn hú) is a kind of stringed instrument with a history of more than 300 years in China. The timbre is high, firm, and has strong penetrating power. It is the main accompaniment instrument for northern opera and rap.
Guanzi (pinyin: guǎn zi) is a wind instrument. In ancient China, it was called "筚篥" or "Luguan". Its structure consists of three parts: the whistle, the intruder and the cylindrical body.
Bamboo tube (pinyin: zhú tǒng) is a musical instrument used by the Hani people. It is a musical instrument evolved from living instruments. It is popular in Simao area of Yunnan Province, Xishuangbanna Dai-Aga Autonomous Prefecture and Honghe Hani-Yi Autonomous Prefecture. In ancient times, it was called "熷", which refers to the cooking method of using a bamboo tube as a utensil, and then "roasting", "burning", "steaming" and "stewing" and other methods to make the food cooked. Bamboo tubes are also made into various handicrafts, pen holders, desk calendars, etc., which are widely popular in the market.
Mimi (pinyin: mī mī), a double-reed gas-sounding instrument of Hui, Dongxiang, Baoan, Sala, Tu, Yugu, Han and other nationalities, is popular in Linxia, Wudu, Gannan and Qinghai provinces.
Zhongruan (pinyin: zhōng ruǎn) is a national plucked musical instrument with a long history in China. It is a traditional plucked musical instrument of the Chinese nation.
Because of the mellow, rich tone and wide range of sound, Ruan has become the main instrument in solo, ensemble, and duet in ancient times; in modern times, Ruan can play a powerful role in the orchestra, and Da Ruan and Zhong Ruan are mainly used in national orchestras.
The middle tone Sheng (pinyin: zhōng yīn shēng) is a kind of Sheng, and the most commonly used traditional Sheng is 17 springs. After the liberation, new varieties such as amplifying sheng, plus key sheng, turntable sheng, low-pitched sheng and row sheng were successfully trial-produced, with a variety of reeds.
Xiao (pinyin: xiāo), divided into dongxiao and qinxiao. And because the flute has a hole, it is different from the pan flute without a hole, so it is called "dongxiao". The xiao has a long history, the sound is round and soft, quiet and elegant, suitable for solo and ensemble. It is generally made of bamboo with blow holes at the top.