Liuqin (pinyin: Liǔ Qín) is a plucked stringed instrument originated in the Qing Dynasty. The earliest Liuqin has a very simple structure and a very folk-like appearance. Now popular all over the country.
It is one of the pear-shaped speakers and stringed instruments that have been circulating among the people since the Tang Dynasty. Its shape, structure and playing method are similar to those of the pipa.
The earliest liuqin has a relatively simple structure, with only two silk strings and 7 frets made of sorghum stalks. At that time, the body of the violin was large. When playing, a bamboo tube was put on the index finger, which was pinched with the thumb, and the strings were plucked by swinging the wrist. The playing style was unique. After that, the bamboo cover is brittle and easy to crack, and the hollowed horn cylinder is used instead.
Liuqin famous songs include "Silver Lake, Golden Wave Moon", "Spring River Flower Moon Night", "Han Palace Autumn Moon" and so on.
Liuqin was originally a popular folk musical instrument in Shandong, Anhui and Jiangsu. It is used as an accompaniment to local operas such as Liuqin Opera and Sizhou Opera and to play simple songs. After a long period of development, it has now developed into a solo instrument and is often used as a high instrument in national bands.