Zhongruan (pinyin: zhōng ruǎn) is a national plucked musical instrument with a long history in China. It is a traditional plucked musical instrument of the Chinese nation. Because of the mellow, rich tone and wide range of sound, Ruan has become the main instrument in solo, ensemble, and duet in ancient times; in modern times, Ruan can play a powerful role in the orchestra, and Da Ruan and Zhong Ruan are mainly used in national orchestras.
Guqin (pinyin: Gǔ Qín) is a traditional Chinese musical instrument with a history of at least 3,500 years. Guqin is also known as Yaoqin, Yuqin and Seven-stringed Qin. The guqin has 13 emblems that mark the rhythm, and is also a ritual and musical instrument. It belongs to the silk in the octave. Guqin has a wide range, deep timbre and long aftertone.
Guzheng (pinyin: Gǔ Zhēng), also known as Hanzheng and Qinzheng, is an ancient national musical instrument of the Han nationality and is popular all over China. It is often used for solo, duet, instrumental ensemble and accompaniment of song and dance, opera and folk art. Because of its wide range, beautiful timbre, rich playing skills and strong expressiveness, it is known as the "King of Music", also known as "Oriental Piano", and is one of the unique and important national musical instruments in China.
Yueqin (Pinyin: yuè qín), a plucked musical instrument of the Han nationality, originated in the Han Dynasty. It has been spread in China, Japan, the Korean Peninsula, and Vietnam. It is also spread in China and Vietnam. The early Yueqin had a long neck and generally had about twelve frets. In the Qing Dynasty, the short-necked Yueqin with the eighth rank or so appeared, which is easy to play in the high-pitched area, and is often used for the accompaniment of opera. After the development and improvement of Ruan in the 1950s, Yueqin usually refers to the short-necked Yueqin in mainland China.
Pipa (pinyin: pí pa), the first plucked instrument, is a traditional plucked instrument in East Asia, a plucked stringed musical instrument. Made of wood or bamboo, the speaker is half-pear-shaped and has four strings on the top. It was originally made of silk thread, but now it is mostly made of steel wire, steel rope and nylon.
Erhu (Pinyin: Erhu) originated in the Tang Dynasty, called "Xiqin", and has a history of more than a thousand years. It is a traditional Chinese stringed instrument. Erhu, or Erxian Huqin, also known as "Nanhu" and "Omzi", is one of the main bowed and stringed instruments (wiping strings) in the Chinese national musical instrument family.
Rewapu (pinyin: rè wǎ pǔ) is a stringed instrument played by the Uyghur and Uzbeks. The popular Kashgar Rewapu has a total length of 130 cm. Rewapu originated in Kashgar, southern Xinjiang. It is not only a favorite musical instrument of the Uyghurs, but also a plucked musical instrument favored by ethnic minorities such as the Tajiks and Uzbeks.
It is popular all over the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, especially in Horqin and Zhaowuda League in the east.
The Yi Sixian (pinyin: yí zú sì xián) is a plucked stringed musical instrument of the Yi people. It is popular in Yuanyang, Honghe, Shiping and Maitreya in Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan Province, Muding in Chuxiong Yi Autonomous Prefecture and Lunan Yi Autonomous County.
Zuihu (Quhu) (pinyin: zhuì hú) is a Chinese rubbing stringed musical instrument. Also known as Quhu and Erxian. Mainly spread in Henan and Shandong, it is the main accompaniment instrument of Henan Quju Opera, Shandong Qinshu and Lu Opera.
Ruan (Ruan Xian) (Pinyin: Ruǎn), short for Ruan Xian. It is a traditional plucked musical instrument of the Han nationality, also known as Ruan Xian and Ruan Qin. In ancient times, it was called Qin Pipa. Later, because of the introduction of Quxiang Pipa, the name "Pipa" was occupied, and it was named after Ruan Xian, who was good at playing this instrument.
Zhamunian (pinyin: zhā mù nián) has a long history and different origins. It evolved from a multi-stringed musical instrument introduced to Tibet from ancient India. According to the records of the "Tibetan Wangtongji" in Genyu, Songtsan Gampo once gave a banquet. There are records of artists playing musical instruments, and it is judged that Jamunian was introduced to Tibet from the mainland in the Tang Dynasty, and has a history of more than 1,000 years. However, most Tibetan scholars believe that Jamunie originated in Tibet and was a musical instrument created by the Tibetans themselves.
Bamboo qin (Dao Qin)) (pinyin: zhú qín) has a long history and can be traced back to the "Tao Qing" in the Tang Dynasty, that is, the Taoist affairs and Taoist feelings described by Taoist priests when they preached or recruited.
Liuqin (pinyin: Liǔ Qín) is a plucked stringed instrument originated in the Qing Dynasty. The earliest Liuqin has a very simple structure and a very folk-like appearance. Now popular all over the country. It is one of the pear-shaped speakers and stringed instruments that have been circulating among the people since the Tang Dynasty. Its shape, structure and playing method are similar to those of the pipa.
Konghou (pinyin: kōnghóu) Konghou (also known as Konghou or Kanhou) is an ancient Chinese traditional stringed musical instrument, which originated in the Han Dynasty, but fell out of fashion after the 14th century and gradually disappeared.
Qi (pinyin: Qiāng) originated from the "Silk Road" that was directly introduced to Xinjiang, which should have been earlier than the end of the Ming Dynasty, and then spread to Hami, eastern Xinjiang at the end of the 18th century.
Yangqin (Pinyin: YangQin) was introduced from Persia at the end of the Ming Dynasty. It was originally used as an accompaniment for folk art and formed a variety of genres. After nearly 400 years of circulation and evolution in my country, dulcimer has traditional Chinese characteristics and national styles in musical instrument production, performance art or music creation, and combined with local folk music, it has formed a number of outstanding A genre with local and musical characteristics.
Sihu (pinyin: sì hú) Mongolian called Huwuer, which originated from the ancient Xiqin. Mainly popular in Inner Mongolia, other places such as Shanxi, Shaanxi, Hebei, Henan and Sichuan are also popular.
Dutar (pinyin: dū tǎ ěr) is a traditional stringed instrument loved by the Uyghurs in Xinjiang. The Chinese transliteration is also written as "Dutar, Dutar, Dutar" and so on. Xinjiang's national musical instruments have dual nature, not only can be used as an accompaniment to play music, but also can be displayed as a beautiful and gorgeous handicraft.
Leiqin(Pinyin: Léi qín), also known as "Leihu", is a traditional stringed instrument. It is a musical instrument that only appeared in the 1920s.
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