Guqin (pinyin: Gǔ Qín) is a traditional Chinese musical instrument with a history of at least 3,500 years. Guqin is also known as Yaoqin, Yuqin and Seven-stringed Qin. The guqin has 13 emblems that mark the rhythm, and is also a ritual and musical instrument. It belongs to the silk in the octave. Guqin has a wide range, deep timbre and long aftertone.
Guzheng (pinyin: Gǔ Zhēng), also known as Hanzheng and Qinzheng, is an ancient national musical instrument of the Han nationality and is popular all over China. It is often used for solo, duet, instrumental ensemble and accompaniment of song and dance, opera and folk art. Because of its wide range, beautiful timbre, rich playing skills and strong expressiveness, it is known as the "King of Music", also known as "Oriental Piano", and is one of the unique and important national musical instruments in China.
Pipa (pinyin: pí pa), the first plucked instrument, is a traditional plucked instrument in East Asia, a plucked stringed musical instrument. Made of wood or bamboo, the speaker is half-pear-shaped and has four strings on the top. It was originally made of silk thread, but now it is mostly made of steel wire, steel rope and nylon.
Erhu (Pinyin: Erhu) originated in the Tang Dynasty, called "Xiqin", and has a history of more than a thousand years. It is a traditional Chinese stringed instrument. Erhu, or Erxian Huqin, also known as "Nanhu" and "Omzi", is one of the main bowed and stringed instruments (wiping strings) in the Chinese national musical instrument family.
Liuqin (pinyin: Liǔ Qín) is a plucked stringed instrument originated in the Qing Dynasty. The earliest Liuqin has a very simple structure and a very folk-like appearance. Now popular all over the country. It is one of the pear-shaped speakers and stringed instruments that have been circulating among the people since the Tang Dynasty. Its shape, structure and playing method are similar to those of the pipa.
Zhongruan (pinyin: zhōng ruǎn) is a national plucked musical instrument with a long history in China. It is a traditional plucked musical instrument of the Chinese nation.
Because of the mellow, rich tone and wide range of sound, Ruan has become the main instrument in solo, ensemble, and duet in ancient times; in modern times, Ruan can play a powerful role in the orchestra, and Da Ruan and Zhong Ruan are mainly used in national orchestras.
Also known as Huqin. It is a traditional Chinese stringed instrument. At the end of the 18th century, with the formation of traditional Chinese opera Peking Opera, it was restructured on the basis of the stringed instrument Huqin. It has a history of more than 200 years and is the main accompaniment instrument for traditional Chinese opera Peking Opera.
Bamboo qin (Dao Qin)) (pinyin: zhú qín) has a long history and can be traced back to the "Tao Qing" in the Tang Dynasty, that is, the Taoist affairs and Taoist feelings described by Taoist priests when they preached or recruited.
It is the abbreviation of "Treble Erhu". Its shape, structure, bowing technique, and playing symbols used are the same as those of Erhu, except that the qin barrel (resonance box) is slightly smaller than that of erhu, and part of the qin barrel is usually sandwiched between two legs. play.
Banhu (pinyin: bǎn hú) is a kind of stringed instrument with a history of more than 300 years in China. The timbre is high, firm, and has strong penetrating power. It is the main accompaniment instrument for northern opera and rap.
Matouqin (pinyin: mǎ tóu qín) is a two-stringed stringed musical instrument with a trapezoidal body and a handle carved into the shape of a horse's head. A sort of.
Xuanqin (pinyin: xuán qín), also known as Xuanheqin, is a plucked stringed musical instrument played by the Goguryeo people of the ancient Northeast China minority. It has a long history and unique shape. It was popular in Jilin, Liaoning and other regions. Play with a plectrum.
The single-stringed qin (pinyin: dú xián qín) is an ancient folk bamboo musical instrument of the Jing nationality. You often play together with the dongxiao); now it is mostly used for solo performance, but also for ensemble or singing and dancing accompaniment. In ethnic bands, the lyre is often used as a color instrument. The monochord is an overtone musical instrument with a unique playing technique. It can play two notes on one string at the same time. The timbre is soft and beautiful, and it is suitable for expressing long and lyrical melody.
Kubuzi (pinyin: kù bù zī) is a traditional musical instrument of Kazakh and other Central Asian nationalities. Its founder was Kurkut, a shaman at the end of the eighth century. Chinese also translated as Hobbes, Hobbes, Kebuzi and so on. With a long history, simple construction and soft sound, it is used for solo, ensemble or accompaniment.
Yueqin (Pinyin: yuè qín), a plucked musical instrument of the Han nationality, originated in the Han Dynasty. It has been spread in China, Japan, the Korean Peninsula, and Vietnam. It is also spread in China and Vietnam. The early Yueqin had a long neck and generally had about twelve frets. In the Qing Dynasty, the short-necked Yueqin with the eighth rank or so appeared, which is easy to play in the high-pitched area, and is often used for the accompaniment of opera. After the development and improvement of Ruan in the 1950s, Yueqin usually refers to the short-necked Yueqin in mainland China.
The zither (pinyin: zhuì qín), also known as the pendant and the falling string, is a traditional stringed instrument. It is the main accompaniment instrument of Henan Quyi pendant book.
Ruan (Ruan Xian) (Pinyin: Ruǎn), short for Ruan Xian. It is a traditional plucked musical instrument of the Han nationality, also known as Ruan Xian and Ruan Qin. In ancient times, it was called Qin Pipa. Later, because of the introduction of Quxiang Pipa, the name "Pipa" was occupied, and it was named after Ruan Xian, who was good at playing this instrument.
Da Ruan (pinyin: dà ruǎn) is a Chinese plucked musical instrument, created during the reign of Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty (140 BC-87 BC), and it was called Pipa at that time. Ruan (ancient pipa) - named after Ruan Xianshan, one of the Seven Sages of Bamboo Forest, who played this instrument.
As a kind of Ruan, Da Ruan plays the main role of bass and chorus in the ensemble; its sound quality is round, rich and beautiful, deep and tactful, and it is one of the important members of the national band, opera band, and national symphony orchestra. Beautiful solo instrument.
Fengshou Konghou (pinyin: fèng shǒu kōng hóu) is a plucked stringed musical instrument of the ancient southwestern ethnic minorities in my country. The phoenix-headed Konghou is also called "Sangke" in Southeast Asia, and it was called "General Manuscript Machine" in the Qing Dynasty. It is mostly used in court ceremonies and music, and is relatively rare in the folk, and was once lost.
Zuihu (Quhu) (pinyin: zhuì hú) is a Chinese rubbing stringed musical instrument. Also known as Quhu and Erxian. Mainly spread in Henan and Shandong, it is the main accompaniment instrument of Henan Quju Opera, Shandong Qinshu and Lu Opera.