The chime (pinyin: Zhōng) is a traditional Chinese percussion instrument that began in the Bronze Age. The bells are cast in bronze, and different bells are arranged according to size and hang on a huge bell stand. Chimes are often used in combination with chimes; the "gold" in "Sound of Gold and Stone" refers to chimes, and "stone" refers to chimes.
The bell (pinyin: Pèng líng) was called bell cymbal in ancient times. It is a musical instrument of Manchu, Mongolian, Tibetan, Naxi, Han and other ethnic groups. Tibetan called Dingxia. Due to the difference in the spread of the region, in the folk there are names such as jingling, double chime, sound and water, etc. In Shaanxi, it is called dangzi, and there are also called bells for short. It is shaped like a bell, made of copper, one pair of two, connected by ropes, collided with each other and pronounced without a fixed pitch. Often used in instrumental ensembles and opera accompaniment, it is a rhythm instrument.
String bells (pinyin: Chuànlíng), which are several small bells in the shape of a horseshoe (or semicircle, rod, etc.) strung with metal, which are pronounced through vibrations caused by tapping, shaking or shaking. The timbre is crisp, the volume is low, the sound is scattered, and it can continue to play long notes. When performing, it is especially necessary to master the timing of rhythm insertion, which is generally used on the upbeat or upbeat of the music.
Wooden fish (pinyin: Mùyú) is a kind of wooden percussion instrument. The common fish-shaped wooden fish is shaped like a round sphere close to a fist, and the middle part is hollow, which is used for sound resonance and amplification. There is a sound hole on one side of the sphere, which has the same function as the F-shaped hole of a violin. It allows the amplified sound to spread. on the shelf. The method of playing is to use a drum stick or a small wooden hammer to hit the resonance area on the outside of the instrument to make a sound. The size of the wooden fish can be of different sizes, the larger the volume, the lower the pitch.
iao Gong (pinyin: xiǎo luó), named for its small size. Copper, round, about 22 cm in diameter, slightly raised in the center, not tied. When playing, use your left finger to hold the inner edge of the gong, and hold a thin wood chip in your right to strike the sound. Its sound is bright and crisp.
Fu (pinyin: Fǒu), a pottery musical instrument. It was originally a kind of pottery in ancient times, similar to a clay pot, and its shape was very similar to a small jar or bowl. It is a vessel for holding water or wine in ancient times.
Xiao cymbal (pinyin: Xiǎo chǎ) is a musical instrument of Tibetan, Monba, and Dong people who strike each other. It is called Ruozhi in Tibetan. Popular in Tibet, Jiangxi, Sichuan, Gansu, Yunnan, Guizhou, Hunan and other provinces.
The big gong (pinyin: dà luó) is a kind of gong, and it is called the big gong because of its large face. It is made of copper, about 30 centimeters in diameter, flat and round, with sides, with smaller side holes and tied with ropes. When playing, the left hand is holding the gong and the right hand is holding the mallet.
The zhu (pinyin: zhù) is a Chinese Han Dynasty musical instrument, a square, percussion instrument struck with a wooden stick. It has been circulated in major cities across the country. It belongs to the "wood" in the "octave". It is used for court music, and when it is struck, it indicates the beginning of the music.
Ji (pinyin: yǔ) is an ancient Chinese musical instrument. It is shaped like a subduing tiger, the wood is painted, and there are twenty-seven bows (that is, wood chips) on the back of the tiger. When playing, the performer should stand beside the chi, put the chi on the wooden frame, and make a sound with the zhēn, indicating the stop of the music.
Bangzi (pinyin: bāng zi), also known as bangban, is a Chinese percussion instrument. Around the late Ming and early Qing Dynasties (17th century) in China, it became popular with the rise of Bangzi Opera. The clapper consists of two solid hardwood rods of varying lengths and thicknesses.
Sabayi (pinyin: Sà bā yī) is a percussion instrument of Uyghur, Uzbek and other ethnic groups, popular in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. Often used for singing and dancing accompaniment, it is not only an important rhythm instrument, but also a prop for male dancers. In the folk, most of Sabay sings "Mexilep" accompaniment, adding a warm atmosphere.
Qing (pinyin: qìng) is an ancient Chinese Han stone percussion instrument and ritual vessel. The chime originated from a kind of flaky stone labor tool, and its shape has changed in many ways, and the texture has also changed from the original stone to jade and copper chimes. Play the body music instrument.
The Jingang bell (pinyin: Jīngāng líng) is a musical instrument of the Tibetan, Mongolian, Naxi, Han and other ethnic groups. Tibetan called Zhibu, Ziba. The Han people call it Fa bell and Tibetan bell. With a long history, it was originally a Buddhist tantric instrument, which was introduced to my country from India. It is popular in Buddhist monasteries all over the country, especially in Tibet, Inner Mongolia, Qinghai, Gansu, Sichuan, Yunnan and other provinces. The body of the bell is shaped like a bell, with a round lower mouth. The top and body of the bell are decorated with intricate patterns. Inside the body of the bell is a copper clapper, which is used for lama chanting and Buddhist music. According to experts, the vajra bell is an instrument used in the practice of the Dharma.
Bianqing (pinyin: biān qìng) is one of the ancient percussion instruments of the Han nationality, mostly used in court music or grand ceremonies. A set of stone or jade chimes with different pitches are hung on the wooden frame, and the music is played with a small mallet.
The cymbal (pinyin: Bó) is a percussion instrument with no fixed pitch. Bronze, with a bulge in the center, they are made of two round copper plates that strike each other. It is usually played together with gongs and drums to form a gong and drum team. Chinese cymbals also appear in Western music, but their size is usually less than 11 cm.
The small cymbal (pinyin: Xiǎo bó), also known as the small cymbal, is made of brass, the cymbal body is small and thick, the diameter of the cymbal surface is 12 cm to 14 cm, the diameter of the bowl is 5 cm to 7 cm, and the height of the bowl is 1.5 cm to 1.5 cm. 2 cm, the top of the bowl is drilled with silk cloth, and the two sides are a pair. Construction is simple. It is the Zhuang, Miao, Yao, Yi, Dai, Wa, Gelao, Jing, Shui, Gelao, Han and other nationalities who strike each other's body singing instruments. The Zhuang language is called Xie Egypt.
The gong is a traditional percussion instrument, also known as the gong because it is made of copper. Different places have different gongs. Wooden gongs, leather gongs, sieve gongs, earth gongs and gongs are all made of copper.
Yunluo (pinyin: yún luó), which appeared in the Tang Dynasty and became popular in the Yuan Dynasty, is a percussion instrument used by the Han, Tibetan, Mongolian, Manchu, Naxi, Bai, Yi and other ethnic groups. The ancient name Yunzhe, also known as Yun'ao, is also known as Jiuyin Gong in the folk. Tibetans call it Dingdong and Dingdang.
Sini (pinyin: Sī niè) is popular in Tibet, Sichuan, Gansu, Yunnan and other provinces and regions. It is also called Sini in Tibetan.
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