Erhu (Pinyin: Erhu) originated in the Tang Dynasty, called "Xiqin", and has a history of more than a thousand years. It is a traditional Chinese stringed instrument. Erhu, or Erxian Huqin, also known as "Nanhu" and "Omzi", is one of the main bowed and stringed instruments (wiping strings) in the Chinese national musical instrument family.
Matouqin (pinyin: mǎ tóu qín) is a two-stringed stringed musical instrument with a trapezoidal body and a handle carved into the shape of a horse's head. A sort of.
Banhu (pinyin: bǎn hú) is a kind of stringed instrument with a history of more than 300 years in China. The timbre is high, firm, and has strong penetrating power. It is the main accompaniment instrument for northern opera and rap.
Zuihu (Quhu) (pinyin: zhuì hú) is a Chinese rubbing stringed musical instrument. Also known as Quhu and Erxian. Mainly spread in Henan and Shandong, it is the main accompaniment instrument of Henan Quju Opera, Shandong Qinshu and Lu Opera.
Gehu (pinyin: gé hú) is a low-pitched stringed instrument with a louder volume and a wider range. In the 1950s, Yang Yusen (1926-1980) of the Shanghai Conservatory of Music created it on the basis of the erhu and absorbed the characteristics of other stringed instruments, so it is called Gehu. After continuous improvement, it has now become a bass-pulled string instrument with rich expressiveness.
Leiqin(Pinyin: Léi qín), also known as "Leihu", is a traditional stringed instrument. It is a musical instrument that only appeared in the 1920s.
It is the abbreviation of "Treble Erhu". Its shape, structure, bowing technique, and playing symbols used are the same as those of Erhu, except that the qin barrel (resonance box) is slightly smaller than that of erhu, and part of the qin barrel is usually sandwiched between two legs. play.
Genka (pinyin: gēn kǎ) is a Tibetan bow and stringed musical instrument. Popular in Lhasa, Shigatse and other places in the Tibet Autonomous Region.
Also known as Huqin. It is a traditional Chinese stringed instrument. At the end of the 18th century, with the formation of traditional Chinese opera Peking Opera, it was restructured on the basis of the stringed instrument Huqin. It has a history of more than 200 years and is the main accompaniment instrument for traditional Chinese opera Peking Opera.
Yehu (pinyin: yē hú) is a traditional Chinese rubbing stringed musical instrument. Popular in Hainan, Guangdong, Fujian and other provinces.
Yazheng (pinyin: zhá zhēng), also known as Yaqin in the south, is the descendant of Zhu, the pioneer of Chinese bowed and stringed instruments, and belongs to the Zhu family. Since its special name appeared in the Tang Dynasty, it has been widely used in the court and the people. Due to the difference in the spread of the region, its shape, playing form and appellation have changed.
Daguangxian (pinyin: dà guǎng qián) is a popular huqin national musical instrument in Taiwan and southern Fujian.
Laohu (pinyin: shù kōng hóu) is similar to today's bass banhu, and is responsible for playing the main tone of the melody.
Aijie (pinyin: jié kè) is also known as Harzak. Originated from Uyghur folk. Popular in Xinjiang, such as Maigaiti, Bachu, Avati, Kashgar, Shache and Kuqa.
Xiqin (pinyin: xī qín), also known as Erhu, originated in the Tang Dynasty. Xiqin can play all kinds of music flexibly, with cadence and rhythm, continuous and free, and can vividly express various emotions such as joy, anger, sadness, music, etc., especially the portamento played by it, which is almost the reproduction of language voice.
Biwang (pinyin: bì wāng) is a Tibetan bow and stringed musical instrument. Tibetan is also called Biyong, Biyang, Bawang, Ri'aza, Zeze, Zani, etc. due to different dialects. Popular in Tibet, Sichuan, Yunnan, Qinghai, Gansu and other provinces. Especially in the areas of Batang, Mangkang and Deqin at the junction of Sichuan, Tibet and Yunnan provinces.
Bamboo tube hu (pinyin: zhú tǒng hú) is a bow and stringed musical instrument of the Zhuang people. Popular in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Longlin, Xilin, Tianlin, Baise, Leye, Lingyun, Tianyang, Tiandong, Napo, Debao and Funing County, Yunnan Province.
The Mongolian Sihu (pinyin: měng gǔ zú sì hú) refers to the four hus popular in the Mongolian area. The shape is the same as the four hus in the Han area. It is popular in the pastoral and semi-agricultural and semi-pastoral areas of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
Tibetan Jinghu (pinyin: zàng jīng hú) is a Tibetan stringed musical instrument, imitated by Jinghu. Because of its similar shape to Jinghu, the Han people call it Tibetan Jinghu. Popular in Lhasa, Shigatse, Gyangze and other places in the Tibet Autonomous Region.
The Yi Sanhu (pinyin: yí zú sān hú) is a bow-drawn stringed musical instrument of the Axi and Sani branches of the Yi nationality. The Axi people call it Lehu, and the Sani people call it Lihu and Ehu. In Yi language, "le", "li" and "e" are all meanings of pulling. Shaped like a Zhonghu, the timbre is soft and rich, and it can be used for solo, instrumental ensemble, or to accompany folk songs and dances. It is popular in Lunan Yi Autonomous County, Maitreya, Luxi and Yiliang in Yunnan Province.
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