Big drum (Sanskrit name dundubhi) musical instrument name. A kind of percussion instrument, also known as Taiko and Tanggu, is also the most frequently used percussion instrument. That is, a hollow wooden cylinder is covered with leather for percussion instruments. The exterior color of the drum body is mostly red, and a few are black and wood color. The bass drum is struck by a single drumstick, called the big drumstick, with a head that can be used on both sides and is covered with wool or felt. Usually when struck, it is between the center of the drum and the rim of the drum, and the center of the drum is only used for short and fast hits (staccato) and special effects.
War drums (pinyin: Zhàngǔ) are of different sizes, and are divided by the diameter of the drum surface. There are five sizes of 27, 33, 40, 46 and 54 cm, and their drum bodies are 17, 20, 24, 30 and 34 cm high respectively. The material used for making war drums is the same as that of Tanggu, but the drum body can also be made of basswood, with 2-4 drum rings in the middle. Play with a wooden hob. War drums were used on the battlefield in ancient times to send orders and boost morale. In modern times, they are mainly used in folk instrumental ensembles, dances, lantern festivals, acrobatics and gongs and drums.
The flat drum (pinyin: Biǎn gǔ) is a percussion instrument, also known as the battle drum. It was used in religious music and folk weddings in the past, and is now used in folk musical ensembles, dances, lantern festivals, acrobatic troupes, and mass gongs and drums. Widely popular in Jilin Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and other Korean inhabited areas. It is Mongolian, Tibetan, Korean, Manchu, Naxi, Yi, Miao, Han and other ethnic groups who strike the membrane and sound. The flat drum is round, with a wooden frame, covered with sheepskin or cowhide on both sides, and tightened with ropes. The diameter of the drum surface is 37 to 45 cm.
Xiaogu (pinyin: xiǎo gǔ) is a musical instrument of the Zhuang, Dong, Yi, Tujia and other ethnic groups. Popular in Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan, Hubei, Hunan and other provinces. Snare drums are mostly used in the folk, and are used during Chinese New Year. It is basically the same as the big drum, except that the drum skin is made of sheepskin, and the side that does not strike is stretched with multiple strings; the drum drum uses two hardwood drums, and the drum head is smaller and does not contain any foreign objects.
Taiping drum (pinyin: tài píng gǔ) is also called "single drum" and "sheepskin drum". Kind of music. Popular all over the North. One of the forms of Han folk dance. The performers are all male. Actors hold a circular single drum made of iron bars with a diameter of about a foot and the drum surface is covered with donkey skins, beat drums with bamboo drum keys, and sing and dance. There are duet and group singing. Lyrics are divided into "Inner Drum" and "Outer Drum": the former is a must-sing word, and the latter has auxiliary lyrics that can be increased or decreased, and the content is mostly folklore and mythology. In the old society, it was sometimes used in superstitious activities such as offering sacrifices and dancing to the gods. After liberation, it was reformed to express the joy and joy of the people.
Hand drum (pinyin: shǒu gǔ) is a mixed-membrane sounding instrument of the Uyghur and Uzbeks. It has a long history and has long appeared in Dunhuang and Northern Wei murals from the fourth to sixth centuries. popular in Xinjiang.
Pai drum is a new variety of drum instruments. Appeared in the early 1960s, it was produced by Cai Huiquan and Yang Jingming of the China Central Broadcasting Chinese Orchestra based on the reform of the medium-sized hall drum and waist drum commonly used by the people, and has been continuously improved since then. The row drum consists of a set of five drums of different sizes and sounds. The drum is 29 to 33.3 centimeters tall, 16.7 to 37 centimeters in diameter on the upper mouth, and 11.7 to 37 centimeters in diameter on the lower mouth. The outer diameter of the drum frame on both sides of each drum is the same but the inner diameter is different, which can produce two tones with different pitches, so there are ten tones in five drums. The sound of the row drums is fierce and swaying, the treble is firm and powerful, and the middle and bass are generous and bright, especially good at expressing warm and jubilant emotions.
The octagonal drum (pinyin: bā jiǎo gǔ) is a kind of slap-membrane musical instrument used by the Manchu people for self-entertainment in ancient times. The drum body is flat and small, and the drum surface is octagonal, representing the Eight Banners of the Qing Dynasty at that time. The drum frame is made of eight pieces of ebony, red sandalwood, mahogany, rosewood and bone pieces; it is said that the leaders of the Eight Banners each offered a piece of the best wood inlay. Two to three small copper cymbals are embedded in each of the seven sides of the frame, and one side is inlaid with studs and drum spikes, implying the abundance of grains. It is a traditional form of folk art that is popular among the people.
Dabu (Pinyin: Dá bo), the soul of Uyghur music, is essential in most dance and folk songs. Dabu's timbre is crisp and loud, the sound intensity varies greatly, and the playing skills are flexible and changeable, which can play a role in setting off the atmosphere of various music plots. Popular in the north and south of the Tianshan Mountains in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.
The ring drum (pinyin: Huán gǔ) is a musical instrument of the Hui nationality. Popular in Ningxia, Gansu and other provinces. Available in single-sided and double-sided.
The stick drum (pinyin: zhàng gǔ), the Korean mixed percussion instrument, also known as the long drum, is called bu in Korean. Popular in Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia, Hebei and other provinces, especially in Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture in Jilin Province.
Tuogu (Pinyin: tuó gǔ) is a drum made of skin. Its sound is like a chirping. ; the sound of chirping. ("Tuo" is also known as "Chinese alligator", "Tuolong", "Pigpolong", and its skin can be covered with drums.)
The Yao nationality drum (pinyin: Yáozú dàgǔ) is cylindrical in shape. Popular in Nandan, Tianlin and other places in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. The shape varies from place to place. The big drums in the areas of Lihu and Yaozhai in Nandan County are mostly hollowed out with a whole section of camphor wood as the drum frame. The height is 90 cm to 100 cm, and the lower end is open.
The waist drum (pinyin: Yāogǔ) is one of the traditional Han nationality musical instruments, and it is an ancient national musical instrument of the Chinese Han nationality. It originates from life and expresses life well. The waist drum is a national musical instrument with a long history and crisp sound. the artistry.
The book drum (pinyin: shū gǔ) is one of the traditional Han Chinese musical instruments. Popular all over the country, it is specially used for the accompaniment of various drum books such as the rap music "Dagushu" in northern China. When playing, the book drum is placed on a drum stand, and the drum stand is made of six thin bamboos tied with ropes. The drum surface is slightly lower than the elbow, or the book drum is supported on a small wooden frame. The rapper holds a book board or pear flower slice in his left hand, and a single arrow in his right hand strikes the drum surface.
Damaru (Pinyin: Dá mǎ rú) is a Tibetan and Mongolian musical instrument that strikes the membrane. Tibetan is also known as Daru and Dari. In Mongolian, it is called Danbulenger and Bulenger. The Han people call it Dharma drum and rattle drum. It is popular in Tibetan Buddhist monasteries in Tibet and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
The round drum (pinyin: Yuán gǔ) is a mixture of the Manchu and the Korean people. In Manchu, it is called Tongken, also known as carrying drum. The Koreans are also called flat drums and folk drums. Popular in Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang and other provinces, especially in Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture in Jilin Province.
Huangnigu (pinyin: Huáng ní gǔ) belongs to a kind of long drum, and is a folk musical instrument loved by the Yao people living on Dayao Mountain. The most special thing about this kind of drum is to use the yellow mud unique to Dayao Mountain to paste the drum surface to set the drum sound, so people call it yellow mud drum. The drum surface that has been pasted with yellow mud is thicker and thicker due to its wetness. When struck, it emits a double-sounding sound of "empty center, empty center", which is particularly loud and beautiful, and the sound travels miles away. The yellow mud drum is made of soft, tough and lightweight paulownia wood with hollow ends. There are male and female drums. The male drum has a long waist, the female drum has a short waist, and both ends of the drum head are trumpet-shaped.
Guangya (pinyin: Guāng yà), also known as Guangtun, is like a foot drum, which means a long tail drum or a short drum. It is an important folk percussion instrument of the Dai people. It is deeply loved by the Dai family and is widely used in the accompaniment of singing, dancing and Dai opera.
The side drum (pinyin: biān gǔ) is a mixed-membrane sounding instrument of the Zhuang people. In the ensemble of Zhuang bronze drum music (often played alternately by four bronze drums of different sizes and different timbres), the side drum is the main foil instrument, and is often used in bronze drum music ensembles and Taoist song and dance accompaniment.
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