The waist drum (pinyin: Yāogǔ) is one of the traditional Han nationality musical instruments, and it is an ancient national musical instrument of the Chinese Han nationality. It originates from life and expresses life well. The waist drum is a national musical instrument with a long history and crisp sound. the artistry.
Damaru (Pinyin: Dá mǎ rú) is a Tibetan and Mongolian musical instrument that strikes the membrane. Tibetan is also known as Daru and Dari. In Mongolian, it is called Danbulenger and Bulenger. The Han people call it Dharma drum and rattle drum. It is popular in Tibetan Buddhist monasteries in Tibet and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
Huangnigu (pinyin: Huáng ní gǔ) belongs to a kind of long drum, and is a folk musical instrument loved by the Yao people living on Dayao Mountain. The most special thing about this kind of drum is to use the yellow mud unique to Dayao Mountain to paste the drum surface to set the drum sound, so people call it yellow mud drum. The drum surface that has been pasted with yellow mud is thicker and thicker due to its wetness. When struck, it emits a double-sounding sound of "empty center, empty center", which is particularly loud and beautiful, and the sound travels miles away. The yellow mud drum is made of soft, tough and lightweight paulownia wood with hollow ends. There are male and female drums. The male drum has a long waist, the female drum has a short waist, and both ends of the drum head are trumpet-shaped.
War drums (pinyin: Zhàngǔ) are of different sizes, and are divided by the diameter of the drum surface. There are five sizes of 27, 33, 40, 46 and 54 cm, and their drum bodies are 17, 20, 24, 30 and 34 cm high respectively. The material used for making war drums is the same as that of Tanggu, but the drum body can also be made of basswood, with 2-4 drum rings in the middle. Play with a wooden hob. War drums were used on the battlefield in ancient times to send orders and boost morale. In modern times, they are mainly used in folk instrumental ensembles, dances, lantern festivals, acrobatics and gongs and drums.
Big drum (Sanskrit name dundubhi) musical instrument name. A kind of percussion instrument, also known as Taiko and Tanggu, is also the most frequently used percussion instrument. That is, a hollow wooden cylinder is covered with leather for percussion instruments. The exterior color of the drum body is mostly red, and a few are black and wood color. The bass drum is struck by a single drumstick, called the big drumstick, with a head that can be used on both sides and is covered with wool or felt. Usually when struck, it is between the center of the drum and the rim of the drum, and the center of the drum is only used for short and fast hits (staccato) and special effects.
Pai drum is a new variety of drum instruments. Appeared in the early 1960s, it was produced by Cai Huiquan and Yang Jingming of the China Central Broadcasting Chinese Orchestra based on the reform of the medium-sized hall drum and waist drum commonly used by the people, and has been continuously improved since then. The row drum consists of a set of five drums of different sizes and sounds. The drum is 29 to 33.3 centimeters tall, 16.7 to 37 centimeters in diameter on the upper mouth, and 11.7 to 37 centimeters in diameter on the lower mouth. The outer diameter of the drum frame on both sides of each drum is the same but the inner diameter is different, which can produce two tones with different pitches, so there are ten tones in five drums. The sound of the row drums is fierce and swaying, the treble is firm and powerful, and the middle and bass are generous and bright, especially good at expressing warm and jubilant emotions.
Guangya (pinyin: Guāng yà), also known as Guangtun, is like a foot drum, which means a long tail drum or a short drum. It is an important folk percussion instrument of the Dai people. It is deeply loved by the Dai family and is widely used in the accompaniment of singing, dancing and Dai opera.
Tuogu (Pinyin: tuó gǔ) is a drum made of skin. Its sound is like a chirping. ; the sound of chirping. ("Tuo" is also known as "Chinese alligator", "Tuolong", "Pigpolong", and its skin can be covered with drums.)
Tambourine (Pinyin: líng gǔ) is a percussion instrument of Uyghur, Korean, Uzbek, Tajik and other ethnic groups. It is popular in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and Jilin Yanbian. The drum frame is made of wood and one-sided skin. There are three kinds of large, medium and small. . For singing and dancing or instrumental ensembles. Tambourine, also known as "hand drum", whether in folk dance or band accompaniment, tambourine is a kind of rhythm percussion instrument with strong color, which can be used as accompaniment, accompaniment dance and accompaniment song. The rhythm is free and the player can improvise.
There are three common types of long drums (pinyin: cháng gǔ), one is the Korean long drum, the other is the Yao nationality long drum, and the other is the Fuzhou wolf string. The Korean long drum is mainly popular in Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture of Jilin Province and other areas inhabited by Koreans, also known as Fugu. The Yao nationality long drum has been circulated in the Song Dynasty. It is mostly made of Yanzhi wood with fine craftsmanship. It is mainly used for dance accompaniment. Fuzhou wolf string, also known as Fuzhou long drum, is a traditional Fujian folk percussion instrument, which is mostly used in Fujian folk music.
The Miao Monkey Drum (Pinyin: Miáozú hóu gǔ), called Gan Na in Miao language, is a unique musical instrument of the Miao people. It is named after the accompaniment "Monkey Dance". Also called flower drum. In the old days, shamans used to falsely call it "barbaric drums". Popular in the Miao areas of Guizhou, Hunan and other provinces. Monkey drums are used in festivals such as the Miao people's cattle-eating feasts, spring tours in the first month and autumn festivals and other occasions, and the scenes are lively and lively.
Nae (pinyin: Nà é), also known as Reba drum. The Tibetan and Monba people play musical instruments that strike the membrane. The Han people call it the Tibetan hand drum. Popular in Tibet's Qamdo, Nagqu, Nyingchi, Qinghai Yushu, Gannan in Gansu, Ganzi in Sichuan and Diqing in Yunnan and other Tibetan areas. Originally a Tibetan religious musical instrument. It has become an inseparable accompaniment instrument for folk songs and dances such as Tibetan "reba dance". It is called "hand drum" in Chinese. Popular in the Tibet Autonomous Region and other Tibetan-inhabited areas.
The side drum (pinyin: biān gǔ) is a mixed-membrane sounding instrument of the Zhuang people. In the ensemble of Zhuang bronze drum music (often played alternately by four bronze drums of different sizes and different timbres), the side drum is the main foil instrument, and is often used in bronze drum music ensembles and Taoist song and dance accompaniment.
Dama (pinyin: Dá mǎ), also known as Ga'a, is a Tibetan musical instrument. Popular in Tibet Lhasa, Shigatse, Qamdo, Qinghai Yushu, Sichuan Ganzi, Batang and other places in Tibetan court song and dance bands and Tibetan Buddhist monasteries.
Nagra (pinyin: Nà gélā) was called Nagara and Nugula in the historical records of the Qing Dynasty. Because the drum body is made of iron, the Han people call it iron drum, and it is also known as Dongba. Popular in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.
Dabu (Pinyin: Dá bo), the soul of Uyghur music, is essential in most dance and folk songs. Dabu's timbre is crisp and loud, the sound intensity varies greatly, and the playing skills are flexible and changeable, which can play a role in setting off the atmosphere of various music plots. Popular in the north and south of the Tianshan Mountains in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.
The stick drum (pinyin: zhàng gǔ), the Korean mixed percussion instrument, also known as the long drum, is called bu in Korean. Popular in Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia, Hebei and other provinces, especially in Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture in Jilin Province.
The octagonal drum (pinyin: bā jiǎo gǔ) is a kind of slap-membrane musical instrument used by the Manchu people for self-entertainment in ancient times. The drum body is flat and small, and the drum surface is octagonal, representing the Eight Banners of the Qing Dynasty at that time. The drum frame is made of eight pieces of ebony, red sandalwood, mahogany, rosewood and bone pieces; it is said that the leaders of the Eight Banners each offered a piece of the best wood inlay. Two to three small copper cymbals are embedded in each of the seven sides of the frame, and one side is inlaid with studs and drum spikes, implying the abundance of grains. It is a traditional form of folk art that is popular among the people.
Saitu (pinyin: Sāi tǔ) is a musical instrument unique to the Jino people. It is made by hollowing out a piece of red hair tree log, and it is cylindrical. Specifications vary. Both ends of the drum frame are covered with untreated hairy yellow cowhide, the diameter of the drum surface is 40 cm to 80 cm, the height of the drum frame is 70 cm to 120 cm, and the thickness of the drum wall is 3 cm to 5 cm. Twelve or sixteen square wooden sticks hold the drumhead around its edges. The wooden stick is 30 cm long, thick at the top and thin at the bottom, and the thickest part is 4 cm square.
Bangu (Pinyin: bǎn gǔ) is a kind of percussion instrument, also known as Mingpi and Bangu. The "Jiegu" used in Qing music in the Tang Dynasty may be its predecessor. It has a long history in the folk. The "Continued Documents of the Qing Dynasty" contains: "The bangu, also known as the drum, has an urgent sound and chews, and is the leader of each utensil, and it is not easy to strike." It is the conductor instrument in the Chinese opera orchestra.
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