The octagonal drum (pinyin: bā jiǎo gǔ) is a kind of slap-membrane musical instrument used by the Manchu people for self-entertainment in ancient times. The drum body is flat and small, and the drum surface is octagonal, representing the Eight Banners of the Qing Dynasty at that time. The drum frame is made of eight pieces of ebony, red sandalwood, mahogany, rosewood and bone pieces; it is said that the leaders of the Eight Banners each offered a piece of the best wood inlay. Two to three small copper cymbals are embedded in each of the seven sides of the frame, and one side is inlaid with studs and drum spikes, implying the abundance of grains. It is a traditional form of folk art that is popular among the people.
Tambourine (Pinyin: líng gǔ) is a percussion instrument of Uyghur, Korean, Uzbek, Tajik and other ethnic groups. It is popular in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and Jilin Yanbian. The drum frame is made of wood and one-sided skin. There are three kinds of large, medium and small. . For singing and dancing or instrumental ensembles. Tambourine, also known as "hand drum", whether in folk dance or band accompaniment, tambourine is a kind of rhythm percussion instrument with strong color, which can be used as accompaniment, accompaniment dance and accompaniment song. The rhythm is free and the player can improvise.
Guangya (pinyin: Guāng yà), also known as Guangtun, is like a foot drum, which means a long tail drum or a short drum. It is an important folk percussion instrument of the Dai people. It is deeply loved by the Dai family and is widely used in the accompaniment of singing, dancing and Dai opera.
Pai drum is a new variety of drum instruments. Appeared in the early 1960s, it was produced by Cai Huiquan and Yang Jingming of the China Central Broadcasting Chinese Orchestra based on the reform of the medium-sized hall drum and waist drum commonly used by the people, and has been continuously improved since then. The row drum consists of a set of five drums of different sizes and sounds. The drum is 29 to 33.3 centimeters tall, 16.7 to 37 centimeters in diameter on the upper mouth, and 11.7 to 37 centimeters in diameter on the lower mouth. The outer diameter of the drum frame on both sides of each drum is the same but the inner diameter is different, which can produce two tones with different pitches, so there are ten tones in five drums. The sound of the row drums is fierce and swaying, the treble is firm and powerful, and the middle and bass are generous and bright, especially good at expressing warm and jubilant emotions.
The Miao Monkey Drum (Pinyin: Miáozú hóu gǔ), called Gan Na in Miao language, is a unique musical instrument of the Miao people. It is named after the accompaniment "Monkey Dance". Also called flower drum. In the old days, shamans used to falsely call it "barbaric drums". Popular in the Miao areas of Guizhou, Hunan and other provinces. Monkey drums are used in festivals such as the Miao people's cattle-eating feasts, spring tours in the first month and autumn festivals and other occasions, and the scenes are lively and lively.
Eight-tone drum (pinyin: Bā yīn gǔ), also known as the Eight Immortals Drum. Popular in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Guixi Longlin Autonomous County, Xilin County and the border of Guizhou and Guizhou. It is the Zhuang and Gelao musical instruments. Named for its use in the folk instrumental ensemble eight bands. The Zhuang language is called Zhongyi, which means smaller drum.
The book drum (pinyin: shū gǔ) is one of the traditional Han Chinese musical instruments. Popular all over the country, it is specially used for the accompaniment of various drum books such as the rap music "Dagushu" in northern China. When playing, the book drum is placed on a drum stand, and the drum stand is made of six thin bamboos tied with ropes. The drum surface is slightly lower than the elbow, or the book drum is supported on a small wooden frame. The rapper holds a book board or pear flower slice in his left hand, and a single arrow in his right hand strikes the drum surface.
Nagra (pinyin: Nà gélā) was called Nagara and Nugula in the historical records of the Qing Dynasty. Because the drum body is made of iron, the Han people call it iron drum, and it is also known as Dongba. Popular in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.
Double-sided drum (pinyin: Shuāng miàn gǔ), also known as double-sided drum. Dai people's mixed percussion-membrane musical instruments. The Dai language is called Guangsa, Guangbian and Guangbang. Popular in Yunnan Province Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture and other places. Playing double-sided drums varies by region.
The flat drum (pinyin: Biǎn gǔ) is a percussion instrument, also known as the battle drum. It was used in religious music and folk weddings in the past, and is now used in folk musical ensembles, dances, lantern festivals, acrobatic troupes, and mass gongs and drums. Widely popular in Jilin Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and other Korean inhabited areas. It is Mongolian, Tibetan, Korean, Manchu, Naxi, Yi, Miao, Han and other ethnic groups who strike the membrane and sound. The flat drum is round, with a wooden frame, covered with sheepskin or cowhide on both sides, and tightened with ropes. The diameter of the drum surface is 37 to 45 cm.
The side drum (pinyin: biān gǔ) is a mixed-membrane sounding instrument of the Zhuang people. In the ensemble of Zhuang bronze drum music (often played alternately by four bronze drums of different sizes and different timbres), the side drum is the main foil instrument, and is often used in bronze drum music ensembles and Taoist song and dance accompaniment.
Guangyuan (pinyin: Guāng lǒng) is also known as Guanglong. "Guangnong" means a big drum, and "Ga" means dance, that is, a big drum. The Dai nationality smashes the membrane sounding instrument. "Light" in Dai language means drum. "Zhou" or "Nong" are both big, meaning a big drum. Popular in Yunnan Province Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture, Menglian, Gengma and other places. The Baoshan Dai area in the lower reaches of the Nujiang River is called "Guangnong", and the Dai area in Xishuangbanna is called "Guangbian".
Jianggu (pinyin: Jiāng gǔ) is a Zhuang musical instrument. It is popular in Debao and Jingxi areas in the west of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. The ginger drum has fine selection of materials, high requirements for production skills, simple appearance, generous shape, and rich national characteristics in decoration. It is not only an accompaniment musical instrument for opera, but also an exquisite handicraft, which has dual value of practical and ornamental.
The ring drum (pinyin: Huán gǔ) is a musical instrument of the Hui nationality. Popular in Ningxia, Gansu and other provinces. Available in single-sided and double-sided.
Lifting the drum (pinyin: Tái gǔ), also known as the water drum. The Dai and De'ang people play musical instruments that strike the membrane. The Dai language in the Dehong area is called Meizangga. It is called Gelendang in De'ang language, which means big drum. It is popular in Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture and Baoshan area of Yunnan Province. It has a long history. As early as more than 500 years ago, the Dai and De'ang people have spread this kind of drum among the people. Li Sicong's "Bai Yi Zhuan" in the Ming Dynasty contained: "When feasting in the countryside, he beat drums, played reeds, and danced (shield) boards for fun". It shows that it is widely used in grand festivals and folk entertainment occasions. For hundreds of years, the big drum has been popular in Dai Township.
Dama (pinyin: Dá mǎ), also known as Ga'a, is a Tibetan musical instrument. Popular in Tibet Lhasa, Shigatse, Qamdo, Qinghai Yushu, Sichuan Ganzi, Batang and other places in Tibetan court song and dance bands and Tibetan Buddhist monasteries.
Shengu (Pinyin: Shén gǔ) is also known as Lama Drum. It is a percussion instrument used by Tibetan and Mongolian lama monasteries. Popular in Tibet, Qinghai, Gansu, Sichuan, Yunnan, Inner Mongolia and other provinces.
The stick drum (pinyin: zhàng gǔ), the Korean mixed percussion instrument, also known as the long drum, is called bu in Korean. Popular in Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia, Hebei and other provinces, especially in Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture in Jilin Province.
Zhuang ethnic labor (pinyin: Zhuàngzú zhǒng láo), round pier shape. It is popular in the vast rural areas of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Wenshan Zhuang and Miao Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan Province. The drum is placed on the ground, the double chimes are played, and the sound is loud. Often used in festival gong and drum ensembles or as accompaniment for lion and dragon dances.
Lue Dou (Pinyin: Lüè dòu) is popular throughout the Qiandongnan Miao and Dong Autonomous Prefecture of Guizhou Province. In Miao language, "lue" means wood, and "dou" means drum, which means big wooden drum. Also called bamboo dragon.
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