Xiao Konghou (pinyin: xiǎokōnghóu) is a plucked stringed musical instrument of ancient northern ethnic minorities in my country. Also known as horn-shaped konghou. It is a kind of vertical konghou, which belongs to the smaller of the vertical konghou.
It has been circulated in the court and the people for a long time, but it was lost in the Qing Dynasty. It was revived in the 1930s and brought forth new ones in the 1980s. Xiao Konghou of various shapes appeared on the music stage of my country and the world, and was used in solo, ensemble or accompaniment.
The small Konghou, which has a long history, originated from ancient hunting bows, and has the original form of ancient musical bows developing into ancient musical instruments.
Since the Eastern Han Dynasty was introduced into the Central Plains of my country from Persia through the Western Regions, it has been used in the courts of the past dynasties, and in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, it was used in the music of Western Liang, Qiuci, Shule, Gaoli and Tianzhu. In the frescoes from the Northern Wei Dynasty to the Tang and Song Dynasties in Dunhuang, you can see the horn-shaped Konghou that the ancient instrumental musicians "held upright in their arms" and "played in unison with both hands". The traces of ancient music bows are still preserved, but they are thickened and curved upwards. resonance groove. Not only is the method of tying the strings simple, but the number of strings is mostly eight. The author thinks: This is the small konghou in the angular konghou.