The structure and playing method of the caron

126 views · Organized by chen on 2022-02-14

The Kalong speaker is in the shape of a flat trapezoid, like a half-dulcimer, the frame is made of mulberry and walnut, and the top and bottom are made of pine.

A circular sound hole is opened in the middle of the panel and a flower-shaped sound window is embedded, and there is a mountain pass on the right side. The left side of the piano is set with pegs, and the right side is set with tuning knobs. Bar codes and activity codes are placed on the left and right sides of the panel respectively. Zhang sixteen or eighteen sets of steel strings, each set of two strings of the same tone. The front length is 42 cm, the back length is 72 cm, the width is 50 cm, and the thickness is 13 cm. The Caron, which was reformed in the 1970s, has the same shape. The speaker is enlarged to enhance the volume. There are twenty-two pairs of strings. Spend.

The structure and playing method of the caron

When playing, the qin is placed on a wooden frame or table, the right hand holds a bamboo, wooden pick or index finger to play with a finger cot, and the left hand holds an iron vibrato (commonly known as "pushing and mopping") to press up and down or move left and right, resulting in various Ornament. The right-hand skills include single, double, multi-play and fast-play;


The modern Uyghur folk popular kalong qin, the body is made of mulberry wood, the resonance box is a hollow flat trapezoid, the left is curved and the right is straight, like the left half of the yangqin. It consists of a frame, a panel, a bottom plate, a mountain pass, a bridge, a bolt, a tuner, and a string. The piano frame is the surrounding frame of the resonance box. It is made of four mulberry boards with different lengths, thicknesses and the same width. The left frame board should be immersed in water first, and then baked to obtain the required curvature. The upper and lower sides of the violin frame are respectively glued with a top and bottom plate made of mulberry veneer. There are several small circular sound holes on the panel and form various patterns, and the left edge of the panel is glued with a curved mountain. There are two types of bridge horses, active horses and strip horses. Their positions are not fixed and can be moved.

There are several movable horses on the left side of the panel, the peaks of the horses are slightly pointed and arranged in a curve; on the right side of the panel is a long horse with a sharper peak and a thick wire on it. String pegs are arranged on the right frame plate, and string buttons are arranged on the left frame plate, the number of which is the same as that of the strings, which are all made of wood. On the front frame of the piano box, there are many Uyghur-style patterns engraved.

Involving musical instruments

Kalongqin (pinyin: kǎnóng qín) is an ancient stringed musical instrument with the most strings in Uyghur musical instruments. It is called the seventy-two-stringed pipa and "Kaernai" in the historical records of the Qing Dynasty.