"Musical Memory" and Performance Effects of Liu Changfu's Erhu Teaching Essays

108 views · Organized by 茯苓 on 2022-06-29

This phenomenon often occurs in stage performances: in some important performances, some kind of memory is interrupted in an instant due to the presence of acquaintances to listen to, or even because of the ideological deviation caused by the unrest under the stage, and the result is unexpected. The ground did not affect the normal progress of the performance, but only frightened the performer into a cold sweat. So, how should this unique stage phenomenon be explained? We know that people's "memory" and "conditioned reflex" abilities are very strong, especially the memory of instrumental music performance, which involves many contents and items such as melody, bowing and fingering, strength and emoji, and performance movements. . When one kind of memory is interrupted during the performance, other memories will be replenished immediately in a conditioned reflex, so that the performance can be carried out smoothly. It should be said that the above phenomenon is that the various "memory" gradually accumulated by the performers in the course of daily practice played a key role in the performance and saved this "crisis".

   In "Psychology", the word "memory" refers to the effect of different sensory organs such as sight, hearing, touch and taste on a certain action, a certain phenomenon, different colors, tastes and even the process of an event. "Engrams" produced in the memory nerves of the cerebral cortex. The deeper these "imprints" are, the clearer and more secure the memory will be; otherwise, it will be blurred or even quickly forgotten. The process of "engram" formation can also be divided into "active memory" and "passive memory". "Active memory" refers to the memory of something of interest or something with a clear purpose. The formation of this "memory" is relatively natural and smooth, and it is relatively stable. For example, if someone is interested in numbers, he is likely to be good at mathematics, and it is easier for him to remember things with numbers, such as phone numbers. , even for hiking famous mountains and rivers will not feel tired, but also relish. Another example is learning a foreign language. There is also a huge difference in the effect of memory between learning with a clear purpose (such as going abroad, taking exams, etc.) and blind learning, etc. Interests) or the memory of things done under desperation, the formation of this "memory" is initially unpleasant, difficult and insecure, so it is forgotten quickly. For example, in learning the piano, some children are not interested in music, but when parents see other children learning the piano, out of the psychology of comparison, they have to force their children to learn. As a result, the process of learning and "remembering" is not only difficult and painful, but also because it is inferior to other classmates in some aspects, which invisibly causes great harm to the child's self-esteem, and sometimes even what is learned is quickly lost. will be forgotten. Of course, the above examples are just to illustrate the difference between "active" and "passive" memories. In fact, "interest" can be gradually cultivated, and "memory" can also be converted. I have seen a famous cartoon collection in the former Soviet Union many years ago. There is such a set of cartoons: The first one is a little boy who is forced to play the piano on a piano bench, his parents standing there Staring from behind; the next one is his mother gesturing with a feather duster in hand to watch him play the piano, and he is crying; then behind is his father yelling at him for playing the piano, and he is crying. The following scene changes dramatically: in the picture the little boy is playing the piano with a smile on his face; then the next picture shows him singing while playing the piano; the next picture is when he is playing the piano. The parents frowned like "Ye Gong Hao Long", with impatient expressions on their faces; in the last picture, his father dragged him off the piano bench, and the child was crying in despair. I said this set of cartoons to show that a student who was not interested in what he was learning and had "passive memory" in learning can be transformed into "active memory" through increasing interest in learning and the continuous clarification of learning goals. Once it becomes "active memory", he will have unlimited motivation, and he will actively improve the quality and stability of "memory" with interest, and there are countless examples of this.

   "Musical memory" generally refers to all memory related to music. Specifically, in instrumental music performance, it includes pitch memory, melody memory, memory of various dynamics and emoticons in the score, and memory of bowing, fingering and various performance movements. memory etc. In the process of daily piano practice, the "memory" of different contents is sometimes completed independently of each other. In the process of complete performance, these relatively independent techniques and means are coordinated and cooperate with each other through a comprehensive "memory" process, and they are indispensable to complete the task together. Therefore, in order to effectively complete various "remembering" processes, one must concentrate on the practice. The more concentrated the mind, the more vivid the effect will be. The premise of thinking concentration should be a clear purpose and "interest" in what you do. It's like what things in life we are interested in, the areas where our thoughts are more concentrated, and the areas where our memory is more profound. The "memory" function of human beings is like a computer, which can be completely stored in the brain from the beginning to the end in the form of fragments or according to the process of occurrence and development of things. In the process of forming and consolidating "memory", various performance movements should achieve "dynamic stereotypes" in the form of "kinematic chain"? In a formal and complete performance, one kind of "memory" is interrupted, and other "memory" should be replenished immediately "conditioned reflex" to ensure the smooth progress of the performance. If the performance is unfortunately interrupted at this time, it proves that there is a problem in the usual practice. It may be that some content or some technical movements in the music are too little practiced, the "imprint" in the brain is not deep enough, or the mental state is unstable due to technical obstacles. It is also possible that a lack of concentration during the practice has caused confusion or disconnection between the various "memory". We know that the human body is a complex lever system, and in various activities that people engage in, different actions and their processes should be constantly coordinated and balanced with each other. If in the process of practice or performance, the various performance-related actions are not coordinated and balanced, it will directly affect the performance of the performance, and even destroy the entire performance. As the saying goes: high artisans are bold. Some people who are afraid of playing on the stage? Acupoints can also be called "stage phobia". They may be prone to "stage fright" on the stage due to their introverted personality, but they are unsure of their playing skills and "musical memory". Stability should be the main reason why he was nervous on the spot and "discounted" in his performance. I remember that when I was in elementary school, the teacher said many times that "it is better to borrow books than to buy books, and it is better to copy books than to borrow books" and "it is better to read books with one's hands than with one's eyes". In fact, these two sentences are to warn us how to deepen the memory of what we have learned more effectively in the process of learning. The aforementioned interruption of performance memory refers to a single, individual memory. As long as the "memory footprint" is deepened in every aspect during practice, our performance will be more confident and effective. Those who try to play the music in the first place often lead to the superficiality of "musical memory" and the uncertainty of the performance quality.

   The content of "musical memory" is extremely broad, and it exercises the ability of comprehensive memory through our musical behavior. We not only need to change "passive memory" to "active memory", but also carry out performance activities more effectively by mastering the rules of memory. In the process of teaching students "music memory", teachers should also cultivate and improve their interest in learning. As the saying goes, "Interest is the best teacher." As long as teachers can "entertain education through entertainment" and use patient inspiration and excellent demonstration to drive and stimulate students' enthusiasm for learning, their performance level can be continuously improved." Musical memory" will be more profound. The great sage Confucius said: "Knowing is worse than knowing, and knowing is worse than knowing with pleasure" is this truth.

Involving musical instruments

Erhu (Pinyin: Erhu) originated in the Tang Dynasty, called "Xiqin", and has a history of more than a thousand years. It is a traditional Chinese stringed instrument. Erhu, or Erxian Huqin, also known as "Nanhu" and "Omzi", is one of the main bowed and stringed instruments (wiping strings) in the Chinese national musical instrument family.

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