The history of the caron

241 views · Organized by 晚荣 on 2022-02-14

Kalongqin, Uyghur played a stringed instrument. It is a Uyghur plucked stringed musical instrument. In the historical records of the Qing Dynasty, it was called the seventy-two-stringed pipa and the Karnai. It has a long history, unique shape and crisp sound. It can be used for solo, ensemble or accompaniment, and is an indispensable stringed instrument for playing the large classical music suite "Muqam". It is popular in Maigaiti, Kashgar, Hotan, Yarkand and other places in southern Xinjiang, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, and Hami in eastern Xinjiang.


There is also a legend about the origin of the caron. About 500 years ago, there was a Daolang man named Mullah who loved music. He used a piece of triangular box-shaped wood to dry the intestines of the beast, and twisted them into thin strings and nails. Play the sound. Later, after several remodeling, Maura changed the triangle into a quadrangle, and the sound played was even more beautiful. This "sound speaker" is the ancestor of the caron.

Later, a sound box was used to replace the poplar wood shell, steel strings to replace sheep intestines, and iron shafts to replace animal bones.

Around the beginning of the 20th century, some metal strings were used in the folk caron. The vibrator used in playing is said to be the nephew of Megiti Mauraman, Ulayim Powan, who was inspired by the singing of birds and invented the vibrator. Made of metal instead.

According to the "History of Musicians" (written in 1271, or 1854 AD), written by Mullah Esmuturamujizi of Hotan, as well as "Bai Kai Shi", "Turkic-Tatar History" and other historical records, Kah The dragon was created by the famous Uyghur scholar and musician Avonasr Farabi (about 870-905).

In 1258 AD, the Mongolian Hulagu invaded from the west, occupied Baghdad (called "Repaying the Country" in Chinese history), and destroyed the Abbasid Dynasty, and brought back the seventy-two-stringed lute. Guo Kan (grandson of Guo Baoyu) of the Yuan Dynasty, once accompanied Xu Liewu on his expedition to the west, and this was recorded in "The History of the Yuan Dynasty: The Biography of Guo Baoyu" and Liu Yu's "Records of Western Envoys" in the Yuan Dynasty.

This 72-string pipa may be the name of Kalong after it was introduced into China. In the Qing Dynasty, it was included in the court music. Qing Dynasty "Qing Ding Da Qing Hui Dian Tu": "Karnai, eighteen steel strings, like a secular foreign qin. The hollow in the wood, the left straight and the right curved, the front wide and the back cut, ... the fingers are plucked with the hand or the wood is used. Play it."

Involving musical instruments

Kalongqin (pinyin: kǎnóng qín) is an ancient stringed musical instrument with the most strings in Uyghur musical instruments. It is called the seventy-two-stringed pipa and "Kaernai" in the historical records of the Qing Dynasty.

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