What are the unique musical instruments of Mongolian people? Introduction to National Musical Instruments

780 views · Organized by 夏浩东 on 2022-03-18

Mongolian musical instruments include Matouqin, Mongolian drum, Huobusi, Tobshur, Yatok, Sihu, Hujia and so on. Mongolian musical instruments are used in folk songs and rap related to nomadic life. Mongolian musical instruments In traditional ancient chants, hymns, banquet songs and many songs reflecting the life of herdsmen, Mongolian musical instruments can be divided into three categories: folk musical instruments, religious musical instruments and sacrificial musical instruments.

Matouqin: Matouqin is a unique traditional musical instrument of Mongolians with a very unique style. A traditional matouqin is about four feet long. It uses wood as a rod, with a horse head carved on it and a drum on the bottom. The ponytail is tied into two strings, and the ponytail is used as a bowstring. It can be melodious and deep when playing. The performance of the matouqin is different from other stringed instruments. Instead of being sandwiched between the strings, its bowstrings are pulled out of the strings.

What are the unique musical instruments of Mongolian people? Introduction to National Musical Instruments

Mongolian drum: In ancient times, it was called can drum, also known as big drum and snare drum. It is very popular in eastern Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. With a long history, as early as the era of Genghis Khan, Mongolian drums were widely used in the court and army.

What are the unique musical instruments of Mongolian people? Introduction to National Musical Instruments

Huobusi: Mongolian plucked instruments were popular in the Yuan Dynasty and very popular in the Ming Dynasty. It was listed as a national music in the Qing Dynasty, lost after the Qing Dynasty, and redeveloped after the founding of the People's Republic of China. Spread in China's Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, northern Gansu, Yunnan Lijiang Naxi Autonomous County.

What are the unique musical instruments of Mongolian people? Introduction to National Musical Instruments

Tobshur: Mongolian unique musical instrument. It is usually made from poplar, camphor, elm, mulberry and pine. There are four circular resonance holes at the bottom, thin at the top and thick at the bottom. There are two or three piano wheels on both sides of the head, which can engrave or draw various delicate patterns, with beautiful appearance and beautiful and thick sound.

What are the unique musical instruments of Mongolian people? Introduction to National Musical Instruments

Yatok: Mongolian zither. The structure and technology of the Mongolian zheng are basically the same as those of the popular guzheng in the Central Plains, but the music played by the popular guzheng in Inner Mongolia is Mongolian folk songs and instrumental music.

What are the unique musical instruments of Mongolian people? Introduction to National Musical Instruments

Sihu: A stringed instrument, also known as Siguzi, Sixian or violin. The Mongolian called Tang Er, which originated from the ancient Xiqin.

What are the unique musical instruments of Mongolian people? Introduction to National Musical Instruments

Huga: Mongolian fringe air-sounding instrument. It is also known as Teower and Morton Teower. It is popular in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture and Altay Region.

What are the unique musical instruments of Mongolian people? Introduction to National Musical Instruments

Reference materials and contributors
蒙古族特有乐器有哪些?

Involving musical instruments

Chaoer (pinyin: cháo ěr) is also known as copying. Mongolian bow and stringed musical instruments. It is popular in Xing'an League, Zhelimu League, Zhaowuda League in the east of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, and Bayannaoer League and Alxa League in the west.
Sihu (pinyin: sì hú) Mongolian called Huwuer, which originated from the ancient Xiqin. Mainly popular in Inner Mongolia, other places such as Shanxi, Shaanxi, Hebei, Henan and Sichuan are also popular.
Matouqin (pinyin: mǎ tóu qín) is a two-stringed stringed musical instrument with a trapezoidal body and a handle carved into the shape of a horse's head. A sort of.
Tuofuer (pinyin: tuō fǔ xiù ěr) is a Mongolian and Manchu plucked stringed musical instrument. Popular in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Bortala Mongolian Autonomous Prefecture, Hot Springs, Bole, Jinghe, Nileke in Ili Region, Bukser Mongolian Autonomous County in Tacheng Region, and Northeast China.
Big drum (Sanskrit name dundubhi) musical instrument name. A kind of percussion instrument, also known as Taiko and Tanggu, is also the most frequently used percussion instrument. That is, a hollow wooden cylinder is covered with leather for percussion instruments. The exterior color of the drum body is mostly red, and a few are black and wood color. The bass drum is struck by a single drumstick, called the big drumstick, with a head that can be used on both sides and is covered with wool or felt. Usually when struck, it is between the center of the drum and the rim of the drum, and the center of the drum is only used for short and fast hits (staccato) and special effects.

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