Tian Longxin

Organized by 青鸟 on 2022-03-03
Introduction to Tian Longxin(dongdongkui)Master performer,composer

Tian Longxin, male, Tujia nationality, was born on June 11, 1941 in Pojiao District, Dianfang Town, Longshan County, Laotu's hometown. Daliuzi" became an outstanding little musician in the cottage, and the folk culture of the Tujia people has been integrated into his whole life.

After graduating from middle school in July 1960, he was recruited to work in the county's commercial department, and he gradually emerged as good at literature and art. In February 1974, he was transferred from the commercial department to the county troupe as the lead performer and music composition of the band. In March 1984, he was transferred from the troupe again. He joined the county cultural center as a music specialist, and he traveled all over the county. He alone collected and sorted out more than 60 episodes of ethnic folk literature and local opera materials with more than 3.8 million words. He has also completed the compilation and publication of large-scale documents such as "Chinese Qu Yizhi·Longshan County Information Book", "Chinese National Folk Instrumental Music Collection·Longshan County Information Book", etc. The rich ethnic folk culture has become his artistic potential.

He has won many awards in national cultural performances and overseas performances, and has successively won the titles of "Advanced Scientific and Technological Worker in Minority Areas in Hunan Province", "Advanced Individual in Cultural Work in the Province", etc. He was selected as the representative of the 7th Hunan Provincial People's Congress , Deputy to the 5th People's Congress of Xiangxi Prefecture, member of the Standing Committee of the CPPCC of the State, and Vice-Chairman of the 3rd, 4th, and 5th CPPCC of the County. He is a member of the China Minority Music Society, a member of the Hunan Provincial Musicians Association, a member of the Hunan Provincial Folk Artists Association, and a director of the Xiangxi Foreign Cultural Exchange Association. In 2004, he was employed as a member of the Xiangxi Prefecture "Minbao" Engineering Expert Committee and director of the county "Minbao Center" Expert Committee. In July 2006, Mr. Tian Longxin was awarded the title of "Shuangxin Literature and Art Worker" by the Hunan Provincial Party Committee and the State Government. In December 2006, he was awarded the title of "Outstanding Inheritor of Chinese Folk Culture" by the China Federation of Literary and Art Circles and the Chinese Folk Writers Association. .

Reference materials and contributors

Involving musical instruments

Dongdongku (pinyin: dōng dōng kuī), also known as early ancient de, dumbli, Tujia single-reed gas-sounding musical instrument, popular in Hunan Province, Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture.

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Organized by 沈梦溪 on 2022-02-16
In the Tujia people, young men and women, as well as the elderly and children, are very fond of dong dong kui, and they often play to entertain themselves, and sometimes they sing along with it.
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Organized by 尼禄 on 2022-02-16
The Tujia people call Dongdongku music tunes. The traditional tunes are extremely rich. Most of them have fixed titles and lyrics, which can be played and sung. Dongdongku music, which retains the characteristics of ancient Tujia ballads, is a typical Tujia traditional folk music with a strong national style.
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Organized by 茯苓 on 2022-02-16
Dongdongku is a Tujia single-reed air-sounding instrument. In Tujia language, it is called Zaogude, also known as Dadaili. It is popular in Longshan, Sangzhi, Baojing, Yongshun, Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Hunan Province, and Laifeng and Hefeng, Hubei Province, Hubei Province.
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Organized by 雨童 on 2022-02-16
When playing dong dong ku, the tube body is placed upright. For those with three holes, the index finger of the left hand presses the third hole, the middle finger and index finger of the right hand press the first and second holes respectively, and the ring finger supports the pipe under the sound hole; Press the other three holes. The mouth contains the first reed of the tube, and the sound is made by blowing the air drum. The pitch of the dong dong ku varies with the length of the tube and the position of the sound hole, and four or five notes can be played.
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Organized by 没头脑 on 2022-02-16
The body of the dong dong kui is made of bamboo, and it is mostly made of thin bamboo tubes with bamboo joints at the head end. The length and thickness of the tube vary. Generally, the length of the tube is 15 cm to 20 cm, and the inner diameter of the tail end is 0.8 cm to 1 cm.
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