Introduction to Bai nationality musical instruments

1108 views · Organized by 雨童 on 2022-03-21

Bai folk instrumental music mainly includes sanxian music, suona wind and percussion music, cave scripture music, etc. In addition, there are also ancient music and tunes played by bamboo flute, mouth reed, wood leaf, etc. Among them, the most unique musical instrument structure and playing style are suona and suona. Three strings.

Introduction to Bai nationality musical instruments

The Bai suona is different from the Han suona in structure. There are no sound holes on the back and only seven holes on the front. The reeds are short and stiff, and the bass is strong and steady, and it can also leap into the higher register. The sound range is wide, and the structure of the music is more than the fourth interval jumping into the interval, with a unique style of bright, rough and strong. Bai suona wind and percussion music is not only used in weddings, funerals, festivals, temple fairs and other activities, but also the main accompaniment instrument of traditional Bai opera "Blowing and Blowing Tunes", and sometimes accompaniment of folk songs, and even used for production and labor. During the "Yanghui", the entire planting activity was carried out with suona accompaniment. There are popular folk songs that express various moods such as festivity, sacrifice, joy and sadness, such as "planting seedlings", "big team", "dragon heaven", "Xianjia music", "bees crossing the river", " "Dumb Crying Mother", "Falling Down Spring", etc., have been popular so far as many as hundreds of songs.

Introduction to Bai nationality musical instruments

The sanxian is also another musical instrument that most affects the hearts of the Bai people. The Bai Sanxian has three types: large, medium and small. The basic structure is similar to that of the Han Sanxian, but the sound quality and playing method have their own unique style. Dasanxian has a rich sound quality and is mainly used for the accompaniment of the Bai folk art "Dabenqu". The alto sanxian, also known as the dragon head sanxian, is the main accompaniment instrument for Bai folk songs. The dragon head sanxian adopts the "two-finger playing method", mainly using the index finger and middle finger to press the strings. In addition, there is a small three-stringed string, which is less than two feet in length. When playing, the fingering is often used. It is good at playing the reverberation and bouncing of each note. Etc. represents the track.

Nanzhao unified the vast territory and brought together many ethnic groups, which cultivated a fertile soil for the development of music and dance of various ethnic groups, which is "customary and good at drinking, singing and dancing". At the same time, the official set up the title of "ci Shuang", which promoted the establishment of the ritual and music system. During this period, there were concerts and honor guards in the palace, and the dance style of "pushing the cup to persuade the jubilee" was extremely popular during official banquets. In addition, the ruling class actively advocated the exchange of ethnic cultures. The Qiuci music, the Pyu national music in Southeast Asia, the Micheng national music, and the Gailuo, Zanpuzi, Bodhisattva, etc., have become popular music and dances in the folk and Gongqian for a while, creating a new style for the promotion and development of folk music and dance in Tanbu. Therefore, the Nanzhao Fengsheng Music, which is the culmination of music, appeared. In the 16th year of Tang Zhenyuan (June 800 AD), he performed in Chang'an, shaking the entire capital of the Tang Dynasty and going down in history. It became the most regulated event in the performance of ethnic minorities in Beijing.

Reference materials and contributors

Involving musical instruments

Guanzi (pinyin: guǎn zi) is a wind instrument. In ancient China, it was called "筚篥" or "Luguan". Its structure consists of three parts: the whistle, the intruder and the cylindrical body.
Bai Suona (pinyin: bái zú suǒ nà) In every Bai village in Yunlong, there are almost folk artists who play suona. In Bai people's agricultural celebrations, weddings and funerals, folk festivals and folk activities, suona playing is an indispensable part. In different festivals, activities and different environments and ceremonies, there are strict regulations on the use of suona music.
Konoha (pinyin: mù yè) is a musical instrument popular among many ethnic groups in ancient my country. It is a natural musical instrument of the Miao family that is rich in antiquity. Playing Konoha is an ancient folk art of the Miao people.
The stick drum (pinyin: zhàng gǔ), the Korean mixed percussion instrument, also known as the long drum, is called bu in Korean. Popular in Liaoning, Jilin, Heilongjiang, Inner Mongolia, Hebei and other provinces, especially in Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture in Jilin Province.
The octagonal drum (pinyin: bā jiǎo gǔ) is a kind of slap-membrane musical instrument used by the Manchu people for self-entertainment in ancient times. The drum body is flat and small, and the drum surface is octagonal, representing the Eight Banners of the Qing Dynasty at that time. The drum frame is made of eight pieces of ebony, red sandalwood, mahogany, rosewood and bone pieces; it is said that the leaders of the Eight Banners each offered a piece of the best wood inlay. Two to three small copper cymbals are embedded in each of the seven sides of the frame, and one side is inlaid with studs and drum spikes, implying the abundance of grains. It is a traditional form of folk art that is popular among the people.

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