The Simple Difference Between Guqin, Se, and Guzheng

261 views · Organized by Eno Elvis on 2022-04-21

The qin is an ancient plucked instrument with seven strings and fretless. Se is a kind of playing board and box stringed musical instrument in ancient times, and guzheng is a zheng musical instrument, which belongs to plucked instruments. The violin is smaller, has less volume, and has fewer strings. The volume is large and the cavity is large, so the volume is high, and the timbre changes more with more strings. Se is a single-string pronunciation. Se's voice is a little empty in the bass area and a little thin in the treble area.

The Simple Difference Between Guqin, Se, and Guzheng

The pitch of the empty strings of the guqin is not fixed, and it depends on the music played. The tuning of the guqin is complicated, and there are as many as 35 modes. The strings are tuned according to the pentatonic scale, with a range of four octaves and a major second. The traditional common playing method uses the four fingers of the right hand to pluck the strings, play the melody and master the rhythm. The left-hand playing method also follows the tension of the strings on the left side of the zither, and controls the change of the string sound to adjust the pitch. Perfect the melody.

Playing the Se: Fingering is to pluck the strings in the inner and outer directions with the big, food, middle, and no-name fingers respectively. There are eight types in total, called smashing, holding, wiping, picking, hooking, tickling, hitting, and picking. The left hand can press the left chord section of the fret to take the change when necessary. Zheng: Basic fingering: hook, hold, wipe, large pinch, small pinch, shake, open, hit, hook up and hold up, hold up and touch up.

The guqin has 13 emblems that mark the rhythm, and is also a ritual and musical instrument. It belongs to the silk in the octave. Guqin has a wide range, deep timbre and long aftertone. The serpent is shaped like a qin and has 25 strings of different thicknesses. There is one column per string. The strings are tuned to the pentatonic scale. The earliest serenade has fifty strings, so it is also called fifty strings. The shape of the zheng is a rectangular wooden speaker, and the string frame can be moved freely. One string and one note are arranged according to the pentatonic scale. The earliest 25-string zheng is the most.

Reference materials and contributors

Involving musical instruments

Se (pinyin: sè), a traditional plucked stringed instrument, is similar in shape to a zheng but slightly wider. Tuned according to the pentatonic mode, it is often used as an accompaniment instrument for the qin, and is often called the qinse together with the guqin. Se has an important position in Chinese culture and is often referred to as the guqin.
Guqin (pinyin: Gǔ Qín) is a traditional Chinese musical instrument with a history of at least 3,500 years. Guqin is also known as Yaoqin, Yuqin and Seven-stringed Qin. The guqin has 13 emblems that mark the rhythm, and is also a ritual and musical instrument. It belongs to the silk in the octave. Guqin has a wide range, deep timbre and long aftertone.
Guzheng (pinyin: Gǔ Zhēng), also known as Hanzheng and Qinzheng, is an ancient national musical instrument of the Han nationality and is popular all over China. It is often used for solo, duet, instrumental ensemble and accompaniment of song and dance, opera and folk art. Because of its wide range, beautiful timbre, rich playing skills and strong expressiveness, it is known as the "King of Music", also known as "Oriental Piano", and is one of the unique and important national musical instruments in China.

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