Ten Famous Yangqin Songs

3115 views · Organized by 花昼 on 2022-02-21

The ten famous yangqin songs are: Tanci Sanliu, Downward Curtains, Strait Poems, Happy Torch Festival, Happy Songs, Lin Chong's Night Run, Nishang Song, Homesick Song, Su Wu Shepherd the Sheep, and Fishing Boat Sings Evening. These ten pieces are treasures of traditional Chinese music.

Ten Famous Yangqin Songs

Tanci 36
Dulcimer Solo. It was originally a Jiangnan folk song "Three Lanes of Plum Blossoms", which is a different song with the same name as "Three Lanes of Plum Blossoms". "Sanliu" may be the Shanghai dialect homonym of "Three Falls" in the third paragraph of the song "Three Layers of Fallen Plums". The music score was first recorded in "The New Scores of Thirteen Sets of Daqu Pipa of the North-South School" compiled by Li Fangyuan in 1895. It was widely circulated in Jiangnan in the form of silk and bamboo music ensemble. Pipa and Sanxian are often used as the opening music before Pingtan singing, so it is called "Tanci Sanliu". It was adapted by Xiang Zuhua as a dulcimer piece. The whole piece is divided into eleven subsections, and the combined head section is repeated five times in the song, which constitutes the structural characteristics of the loop body. The melody of the music is lively and smooth, showing a warm and cheerful mood.

"Inverted Curtain" is a dulcimer solo composed by the famous Cantonese musician Yan Laolie based on the third stanza of Cantonese music "Three Treasures Buddha". Using a single melody mode, the tune is melodious and smooth, full of splendor. From the mode of analysis: the music is in the key of C major, and the key is the C key. The beginning and ending tones of the first paragraph all fall on the angular tone, and the starting and ending tones of the second paragraph all fall on the sign tone, with a major color. From the harmonic analysis: the dominant chord is prominent, the dominant note is strong, the dominant note starts and the dominant note ends. To grasp the ups and downs of the phrase and the breathing point, some sentences start in the second half of the previous bar, and the breathing point should also be at the end of the previous bar.

Strait Poems
The dulcimer concerto vividly depicts the gorgeous and fertile treasure island - the customs of Taiwan, expresses the industrious, optimistic, pioneering and enterprising character of the people on the island, and constitutes a splendid and magnificent national tone poem.

happy torch festival
Composed by Liu Xisheng. The annual Torch Festival is one of the important traditional festivals of the Yi people. That night, people lit torches to sing and dance, and the cottage became a sea of torches and a sea of joy. The music depicts this moving ethnic customs, and the theme with the flavor of the Yi nationality is very dynamic. The melody of the music ranges from brisk to enthusiastic and unrestrained, showing the scene of people singing and dancing with torches in their hands. Sometimes the tune is gentle and light, sometimes beautiful and clear, just like the endless love words of young people. The strong rhythm at the end depicts a carnival scene, which makes the listeners indulge in the festive joy of the festival.

happy song
Happy Song: One of the Eight Great Songs of Sizhu in the south of the Yangtze River, the tune is lively and enthusiastic, ups and downs, full of singing, smooth melody, from slow to fast, indicating that the joy is gradually rising. joy in.
The music adopts the variation technique of slowing down and adding flowers, and develops the mother piece "Happy Song" into slow and medium paragraphs, and the mother piece is used as the paragraph to form the variation structure of (A1A2A), that is to say, according to the development The theme is in the back, so some people call it "flip variation".
"Slow down" is to expand the tonal rhythm of the mother song layer by layer, such as slowing down one beat into two or four beats to expand the structure. "Adding flowers" is to add several adjacent tones around the backbone of the mother song at a slowed down rhythm to decorate and enrich the melody. In this way, it has developed into a new type of tune that has a certain contrast with the mother tune, and it is difficult to identify its origin without careful analysis. This is the most widely used melody development technique in the creation of traditional folk instrumental music. The folk instrumental music ensemble "Jiangnan Hao" was adapted accordingly.

Lin Chong night run
"Lin Chong Ye Run" is based on the well-known Chinese classic literature "Water Margin". The author relies on the library of Kunqu opera music such as "New Water Ling" and "Yan Er Luo", and uses a deeper way of thinking to describe the national charm. , pushing the nationalization of the foreign musical instrument dulcimer to a new height. The work adopts the traditional Chinese musical form of "starting, inheriting, turning, and closing", with a library-section structure. It depicts the story of Lin Chong, the leopard head, who fled to Liangshan on a snowy night after being persecuted by the government in "Water Margin". The music is like "Martial Arts" in the traditional pipa repertoire. 's masterpiece. The music is divided into four sections, Adagio, Night Run, Wind and Snow, and Uphill. It describes Lin Chong's mixed state of mind in "Water Margin", "concentrating on throwing in the Water Margin and looking back at the heavenly dynasty".

neon clothes
It is adapted from the traditional music that circulated in the Zhejiang area. The dulcimer uses the performance skills of "straight and straight, vertical and horizontal", and is accompanied by instruments such as Xiao, zheng, aluminum plate piano, celesta, and bell, reaching a fascinating state. When the theme is repeated and changed, the beginning and end of each paragraph remain unchanged, and the theme is expanded in the middle, or new musical materials are introduced to expand. The theme tone runs through the whole piece, which is impressive. The tone of the music is elegant and luxurious, and the rhythm has the characteristics of ancient dance music, which is reminiscent of the artistic conception of Chang'e dancing in the moon palace.

thought song
It expresses the longing of people far from home for their hometown with the melody like singing and telling. On the one hand, the music constantly endows the theme with a new image, and on the other hand, it has the effect of increasing emotions. In addition to the change of pitch, the climax of the music has undergone great changes in internal structure, melody density, tonality and speed, which makes the music have a clear atmosphere. In the end, the music ends with a short ending, which makes people have endless aftertastes, makes the feeling of longing reverberate for a long time, and revels in the beautiful scenery and lingers. The flute sound of the whole piece is melodious, sweet and lyrical, the tone is fresh and bright, the tune is elegant and pure, and there is a poetic feeling in the leisurely and calm.

Su Wu Shepherd
In the 1920s, Zhao Dianxue, a folk artist from Gaixian County, Liaoning Province, adapted it based on the popular school song of the same name at that time, and was later sorted out by Wang Yifu. The music is based on the story of Su Wu's sheep shepherding: in the 100th year of the park, Su Wu was detained as an envoy to the Huns by Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty. But he was not afraid of rape, and after 19 years of struggle, he returned home victoriously and became an immortal patriotic hero through the ages. The whole piece consists of seven variations on the theme. The speed starts with a loose plate, then goes to an adagio, middle, allegro, and finally ends with an adagio. In the adagio part, Zhao Dianxue's original sliding and vibrating techniques are used to enhance the charm of dulcimer music. The allegro part uses the technique of fast and intensive playing of the dulcimer to express passionate emotions.

fishing boat singing late
It is an epoch-making work in the history of Chinese guzheng art. It was developed and created using the ancient song "Going Home" as the material. The music depicts a moving picture of a fisherman returning home singing under the glow of the sunset. At the beginning of the music, with beautiful and elegant tunes and soothing rhythms, it depicts a picture of the setting sun reflecting the vast expanse of blue waves. Then, with the theme of music as the material, the material descends layer by layer, and the music is lively and full of interest. When it changes and repeats again, it adopts the convolution of the pentatonic scale to surround a beautiful melody that falls layer by layer. Finally, the melody of ascending first and descending descending is combined into a loop, and repeated many times, and the speed is gradually accelerated, showing the happy fishermen who are leisurely and contented, the white sails drift with the current, and the fishing boat returns with a full load. This poetic zither piece has been adapted for gaohu, guzheng duet, violin solo and flute solo.

Reference materials and contributors

Involving musical instruments

Yangqin (Pinyin: YangQin) was introduced from Persia at the end of the Ming Dynasty. It was originally used as an accompaniment for folk art and formed a variety of genres. After nearly 400 years of circulation and evolution in my country, dulcimer has traditional Chinese characteristics and national styles in musical instrument production, performance art or music creation, and combined with local folk music, it has formed a number of outstanding A genre with local and musical characteristics.

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