Kongtong joke art of humor

191 views · Organized by 肖毅 on 2022-03-09
"Joke Tan" is a form of folk singing, which has the form of opera. Its performances are often interspersed in the middle of Meihu plays, appearing at the request of the audience. The most prominent feature is that it has strong entertainment, and it is a humorous art that is known for laughing, speaking and performing.

Kongtong joke art of humor

"Kongtong Xiaotan" is also called "Xiaotan, Xiaotan", commonly known as "Zhen Gan Zhuan" or "Dou Chou". It is the predecessor of Pingliang Xiaoqu, which was formed in the Song and Yuan Dynasties.

Kongtong joke art of humor

The "Kongtong jokes" currently circulating can be roughly divided into the following six categories: 1. Those that express the production and life of the masses and are full of interest, such as "Yangchang", "Pulling the Mill", "Pulling the Monkey" and so on. 2. It is not small in the category of satirizing people to change their wickedness and become good, such as "Sister Chun looking for my father", which persuades people to quit gambling. 3. There are also many plays that satirize the corruption, stupidity and shamelessness of the old social officials, and praised the wit, kindness and sympathy of ordinary people, such as "Making the Noodle Jar" and "Missing the Lord". 4. To satirize and ridicule the unreasonable marriage system, such as "Double Shaking Club", "The Great Husband and Little Wife", etc.; ", etc.; 6. Expressing the love between men and women, such as "Going to Sichuan", "Growing the Cow", "The Bookstore" and "The Merchant Visiting Relatives", etc.

Kongtong joke art of humor

The "Kongtong Joke Talk" industry is dominated by clowns, including official clowns, clowns and old clowns, as well as matchmakers, Yao Dan, and Xiaosheng Xiaodan. The band is divided into civil and military scenes, singing drums, clappers, and bells to beat the rhythm, and cymbals and small gongs to set off the atmosphere. The musical instruments used to accompany the music of "Xiaotanxi" are the same as those of Pingliang opera. The literary scenes are mainly composed of "Huhu" (banhu, erhu) flutes, sanxian, Datouongzi (bass erhu), etc.; With "one horse and three pieces" (violent drums, "fan" cymbals, and small gongs), Jiaozi and Shuishui (ring bells) are used in singing;
Reference materials and contributors
崆峒笑谈·嬉笑怒骂尽开颜(百家号)

Involving musical instruments

Bangzi (pinyin: bāng zi), also known as bangban, is a Chinese percussion instrument. Around the late Ming and early Qing Dynasties (17th century) in China, it became popular with the rise of Bangzi Opera. The clapper consists of two solid hardwood rods of varying lengths and thicknesses.
The sanxian has three strings in total, hence the name "Sanxian". Chinese traditional plucked instruments were also introduced to Ryukyu, Japan and other places. He plays the main instrument in operas such as Kunqu Opera, Huaihai Opera, Daxianzi Opera, etc.
iao Gong (pinyin: xiǎo luó), named for its small size. Copper, round, about 22 cm in diameter, slightly raised in the center, not tied. When playing, use your left finger to hold the inner edge of the gong, and hold a thin wood chip in your right to strike the sound. Its sound is bright and crisp.
Banhu (pinyin: bǎn hú) is a kind of stringed instrument with a history of more than 300 years in China. The timbre is high, firm, and has strong penetrating power. It is the main accompaniment instrument for northern opera and rap.
The bell (pinyin: Pèng líng) was called bell cymbal in ancient times. It is a musical instrument of Manchu, Mongolian, Tibetan, Naxi, Han and other ethnic groups. Tibetan called Dingxia. Due to the difference in the spread of the region, in the folk there are names such as jingling, double chime, sound and water, etc. In Shaanxi, it is called dangzi, and there are also called bells for short. It is shaped like a bell, made of copper, one pair of two, connected by ropes, collided with each other and pronounced without a fixed pitch. Often used in instrumental ensembles and opera accompaniment, it is a rhythm instrument.

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